Aluminum composite panel | Do you know what is metallic materials?
1. The definition of metallic materials
Metallic materials are materials with some properties. They often have lustre, ductility, easy conductivity and heat transfer. They are generally divided into two types: ferrous and non-ferrous metals. Ferrous metals include iron, chromium, manganese and other metals. Iron and steel are the basic structural materials and are called the "bones of industry". Due to advances in science and technology and the widespread use of new chemical materials and non-metallic materials, the number of alternatives to steel has increased and the demand for steel has declined. For example, aluminum is now used in a wide range of building materials and I will introduce some building materials that are about aluminum.
2. Types of metallic materials
Metallic materials are usually divided into ferrous, non-ferrous and special metallic materials.
① Ferrous metals, also known as iron and steel materials, include industrial pure iron with a total impurity content of less than 0.2% and a carbon content of no more than 0.0218%, steel containing 0.0218% to 2.11% carbon, and cast iron containing more than 2.11% carbon. Broadly speaking, ferrous metals also include chromium, manganese and their alloys.
② Non-ferrous metals refer to all metals and their alloys except iron and steel, chromium and manganese, which are usually divided into light metal, heavy metal, precious metal, semimetal, rare metal, rare earth metal and so on. The strength and hardness of non-ferrous alloys are generally higher than those of pure metals, and they have high resistance and small resistance temperature coefficient.
③ Special metallic materials include structural metallic materials and functional metallic materials for different applications. Among these are amorphous metallic materials obtained by rapid condensation processes, quasicrystal, microcrystal and nanocrystalline, and alloys with special functions and metal matrix composites.
3. Special properties of metallic materials
Many mechanical parts and engineering components are subjected to alternating loads. Under the effect of alternating loads, they will also suddenly brittle fracture after a long period of repeated cycles of stress although the stress level is below than the yield limit of the material, and this phenomenon is called the fatigue of metal materials.
Plasticity refers to the ability of a metal material to produce permanent deformation (plastic deformation) without being damaged under the action of external forces.
It is the main form of corrosion of construction metals.
Hardness indicates the ability of a material to resist the pressure of a hard object into its surface. It is one of the important performance indicators of metal materials. Generally, the higher the hardness, the better the abrasion resistance.
4. Specific properties of metallic materials
(1) Mechanical property
The mechanical property of metal refers to the ability of metals to resist deformation and fracture when subjected to external forces under certain temperature conditions, it includes strength, plasticity, hardness, fatigue, impact toughness.
(2) Chemical property
The chemical property of metals refers to the property of metals that cause chemical reactions with other substances. In practical applications, the main consideration is the corrosion resistance of metals, oxidation resistance, as well as the influence of compound that is formed by the reaction of different metals, metals and nonmetals. Among the chemical properties of metals, corrosion resistance is of great significance to metals.
(3) Physical properties
The physical properties of metals are mainly considered in terms of density, melting point, expansion property, magnetic and electrical property.
(4) Process property
The process property refers to the adaptability of metals to various processing methods, and there are four main aspects: cutting performance, malleability, castability and weldability.
5. Examples of metallic materials
(1) Color coated aluminum coil
Color coated aluminum coil is made by coloring the surface of aluminum alloy. The aluminum alloy is very stable and difficult to be corroded, so generally the surface layer can be guaranteed not to fade for at least 30 years after special treatment, and because of its low density and high hardness, the weight per unit volume is the lightest among metal materials. The greatest advantage over plastic steel is its incomparable robustness, the various color and the fact that it will not be questioned about being toxic. It can be used for the decoration and protection of facades, canopies, roofs and columns.
Honeycomb panels are panels made from two thinner panels firmly bonded to a thicker honeycomb core on both sides, also known as a honeycomb sandwich structure. The metal honeycomb panels are made up of two high strength metal panels with an aluminum honeycomb core, the whole process is done in a modern factory, using hot press forming technology, due to the high heat transfer value between the aluminum skin and the honeycomb, the thermal expansion and contraction of the inner and outer aluminum skins are synchronised; there are small holes in the aluminum honeycomb skins so that the gas inside the panels can flow freely; the slidable installation buckle system does not cause structural deformation during thermal expansion and contraction and is durable. It also has a flat surface, is not easily deformed and impact resistant, and has good cushioning properties, making it suitable for a variety of applications in transport and industrial or architectural fields.
Aluminum corrugated panel is a contemporary composite panel product with non-combustible corrugated metal core and metal sheets on either side manufactured using Hi-tech lamination technology. It is available in various Colors, Finishes, and Sizes. Non-combustible corrugated metal core provides enhanced fire resistance and light weightiness for the metal corrugated panel. It is classified as Class A2 as per DIN 4102-1 and certified as Low emitting products and materials for general construction materials and wall cladding by Greengard Environmental Institute.
(4) Aluminum plate
Aluminum plate is rectangular plate made from rolled and processed aluminum ingots and are mainly used in lighting, solar reflectors, architectural facades, ceilings, furniture, cabinets, lifts, signs, nameplates, luggage, automotive interior and exterior decoration, refrigerators, microwave ovens, audio equipment, aerospace and military applications.
Aluminum solid panel is an architectural decorative material formed by chroming and other treatments and then processed using fluorocarbon coating technology. The structure of aluminum solid panel is mainly composed of panel, reinforcing bar and bracket. The maximum size of the finished work piece can reach 8000mm × 2300mm (L×W). The regular thicknesses are 1.5mm, 2.0mm, 2.5mm, 3.0mm, and the commonly used sizes are 600× 600mm, 600 ×1200mm. Fluorocarbon coated aluminum panels are used all over the world in various styles of architecture as a new building material that makes buildings sparkle and shine..
The aluminum composite panel is made up of multiple layers of material, the upper and lower layers are high purity aluminum alloy panels with a non-toxic low density polyethylene (PE) core panel in the middle, with a protective film applied to the front. The construction process is largely the same as that of aluminum solid panel, the difference being that aluminum composite panels are processed on site to the required shape and specification, with greater freedom of construction and much faster mass production than aluminum veneer production. It is a building decoration material that can be used for building facades, curtain wall panels, renovation of old buildings, interior wall and ceiling decoration, etc. A2 grade fireproof aluminum composite panel is a new type of non-combustible decorative material. It uses non-combustible inorganic material as the core material and PVDF coated aluminum alloy on the surface, which is perfectly combined through advanced technology to form a new generation of indoor and outdoor decorative material with stylish appearance, superior performance and easy construction.
Aluminum-magnesium-manganese roof panel is a very cost-effective roofing material. Long service life, environmental protection and beautiful appearance, convenient and quick installation. It has many advantages such as corrosion resistance, beautiful appearance, light weight, high strength, easy processing and forming, etc. It is widely used in airport terminals, aircraft maintenance depots, stations and large transportation hubs, conference and exhibition centers, stadiums, exhibition halls, and large public Recreational facilities, public service buildings, large shopping malls, commercial facilities, residential buildings and other buildings.
Jixiang Al-Mg-Mn roof panel is divided into multiple series, of which the main aluminum materials for construction are 3000 series, such as AA3003, AA3004, AA3005. The outer surface treatment of aluminum materials includes: natural unpainted products and painted products. class:
a. Non-painted products: hammered aluminum alloy plates (irregular patterns), embossed plates (physical methods of mechanical embossing to form regular patterns); pre-passivated alumina surface treatment plates. This type of product does not paint the surface of the board, does not require high surface appearance, and the price is low.
b. Painted products: According to the coating process, it is divided into: sprayed board products and pre-rolled coated boards;
According to the type of paint, it can be divided into: polyester, polyamide, modified silicone, epoxy resin, fluorocarbon, etc.,
As much as possible to extend the paint resistance to aging under the action of sunlight and ultraviolet rays. Among them, PVDF paint (fluorocarbon coating) has the best anti-aging performance. It is currently known to humans as the strongest anti-ultraviolet organic compound. Fluorocarbon coated aluminum plate, according to different quality requirements, adopts horizontal automatic two-coat two-baked, three-coat three-baked roller coating process, pre-coated PVDF coating, resin content ranging from 70% to 80%, in high-speed continuous unit It is made by roller coating through chemical pretreatment, primary coating, fine coating, etc. The front coating is generally 25μm, and the back coating is anticorrosive paint.
JIXIANG New Materials Co., Ltd. is a production enterprises boasts its combination of production, research and development, sales. We focus on and always lead the development of the metal composite panel industry. Our main products are aluminum-plastic composite panels, aluminum veneer panels, bimetallic composite panels, metal ceiling panels, metal honeycomb panels, aluminum corrugated core metal composite panels, film-coated metal composite panels, thermal insulation integrated panels, metal composite panels, aluminum-manganese-magnesium composite panels, etc.
If you need above products, please call us at 400-7767-888, or contact us on our official website https://www.jixiang-aluminum.com and we will reply to you as soon as possible.